Appellate Court Rulings in Disability Cases

Case Humphrey v. Memorial Hospitals
Cite 239 F. 3d 1128
Summary
of Ruling
Employers have an affirmative duty under the American with Disabilities Act to explore arrangements to offer employees reasonable accommodations.

Case Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama v. Garrett
Cite 2001 Daily Journal, D.A.R. 1857
Summary
of Ruling
State employers cannot be sued under the Federal Americans with Disabilities Act. This case tends to indicate that state governmental entities are immune from the Federal Anti-Discrimination laws.

Case Willis v. Pacific Maritime Association
Cite 236 F.3d 1160
Summary
of Ruling
In considering whether or not a requested accommodation of a disable worker is "reasonable", the parties can consider whether or not the accommodation would violate a seniority system in a collective bargaining agreement between a union and the employer.

Case PGA Tour, Inc. v. Martin
Cite 2001 D.J. D.A.R. 5217
Summary
of Ruling
A professional athlete, who is unable because of a physical disability to work the golf course, may use a golf cart, despite the fact that other golfers on the professional tour are not allowed to use carts.